Dr Kanyuka leads NIAB’s strategic and applied research on the biology, detection, surveillance, epidemiology and management of diseases and pests of field crops, working with a wide range of academic and commercial partners and customers.
With a background in virology, Dr Kanyuka’s overall research interest is to understand how pathogens cause disease on plants and how plants resist pathogens at the mechanistic and molecular level with the aim of developing sustainable solutions for disease control in crops, extensively utilising existing and developing new plant virus-based expression tools for rapid gene function analysis in both plants and the associated pathogens.
During the past decade he has led research on dissecting the wheat interactions with Septoria and identification of disease resistance genes in wheat, and more recently also on understanding the genetic basis of resistance to fungal pathogens such as Cercospora and mildew in legumes and development of new RNA-interference based and genome editing approaches for crop improvement.
Host immunity as a driver of virulence evolution in cereal rust fungi (BB/W018403/1)
Partners: Peter Dodds & Melania Figueroa (SCIRO, Australia), Brian Steffenson (University of Minnesota, USA)
Summary: This BBSRC/NSF-BIO funded project seeks to understand how the interactions between host immunity genes and pathogen virulence genes influence the evolution of pathogen populations to overcome host resistance. We focus on three related fungal rust species that infect different cereal crop hosts: stem rust infecting wheat, brown rust infecting barley, and crown rust infecting oats. These present contrasting levels of sexuality versus clonality and provide an opportunity to compare and contrast between related pathogen species and their hosts and different levels of sexual versus clonal reproduction.
Understanding the eco-evolutionary drivers of emerging antifungal resistance (NE/X005259/1)
Partners: Matthew Fisher & Leon Barron (Imperial College London), Andrew Singer (UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology), Toni Gladding (The Open University)
Summary: This NERC funded project aims to use molecular-based surveys and ecological experimentation to map, measure and mechanistically dissect the eco-evolutionary processes including agricultural practices and green waste recycling that drive evolution of fungicide resistance in fungal pathogens. Focusing on the Aspergillus species complex, we will develop a systems-based approach that links the impact of fungicides on the ecology of fungal communities through to human exposure to these potentially deadly fungal bioaerosols.
Rust-resistant beans for Africa
Partners and collaborators: Pamela Paparu (National Agricultural Research Organisation, Uganda), Clare Mukankusi (CIAT, Uganda), Willem Boshoff (University of the Free State, SA), Lida Derevnina (Crop Science Centre, Cambridge, UK)
Summary: This project funded through a philanthropic donation aims to enhance the fundamental understanding of intracellular nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat immune receptors (NLRs) regulatory networks in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), to identify novel sources of resistance to bean rust (Uromyces appendiculatus) that can be exploited for crop improvement through breeding, and to develop pathogenomics capability for conducting molecular monitoring and surveillance of bean rust races. This will help to greatly enhance basic understanding of common bean - U. appendiculatus pathosystem and provide new capabilities to support researchers and extension service providers in East Africa, enabling them to implement more effective disease control strategies.
Exploration of NIAB’s synthetic wheat as a new source of disease resistance for effective genetic control of Septoria tritici blotch disease: PhD Studentship project (Anisa Blower)
Co-supervisors: Rumiana Ray (The University of Nottingham, UK), Steve Rawsthorne (The Morley Agricultural Foundation, UK)
Summary: This project funded through Collaborative Training Partnership for Sustainable Agricultural Innovation aims to is to explore synthetic hexaploid wheat lines (SHWs) harnessing genetic diversity from the wheat wild progenitor species Aegilops tauschii developed at NIAB and the Nested Association Mapping (NAM) populations derived from crosses between the primary SHWs and modern bread wheat varieties Paragon and Robigus as a source of novel disease resistance genes for effective genetic control of Septoria through marker-assisted breeding.
Monitoring and understanding fungicide resistance development in cereal pathogens to inform disease management strategies (21120018a)
Partnering and collaborating organisations: ADAS, Scotland’s Rural College, Teagasc, Bayer CropScience, BASF, Syngenta, Corteva Agriscience
Summary: To achieve optimal disease control while minimising the risk of development of fungicide resistance in fungal pathogens of wheat such as Zymoseptoria tritici, a causal agent of Septoria tritici blotch disease, a rational use of the available single-site fungicides and potential new actives entering the market is needed. This AHDB funded project aims to monitor efficacy of key actives representing all current modes of action (MOAs) as well as any new products as well as to obtain knowledge on the evolution and temporal and spatial accumulation of fungicide insensitive genotypes within populations of Z. tritici thus informing optimal use of fungicides regarding choice, timing, dose-rate and MOA partnering aspects.
SELECTED RECENT PUBLICATIONS
Tidd H, Rudd JJ, Ray RV, Bryant R, Kanyuka K. (2023). A large bioassay identifies Stb resistance genes that provide broad resistance against Septoria tritici blotch disease in the UK. Front Pant Sci 13:1070986.
Blyth HR, Smith D, King R, Bayon C, Ashfield T, Walpole H, Venter E, Ray RV, Kanyuka K, Rudd JJ. (2023). Fungal plant pathogen "mutagenomics" reveals tagged and untagged mutations in Zymoseptoria tritici and identifies SSK2 as key morphogenesis and stress-responsive virulence factor. Front Plant Sci 14:1140824.
Chen H, King R, Smith D, Bayon C, Ashfield T, Torriani S, Kanyuka K, Hammond-Kosack K, Bieri S, Rudd J. (2023). Combined pangenomics and transcriptomics reveals core and redundant virulence processes in a rapidly evolving fungal plant pathogen. BMC Biol 21(1):24.
Welch T, Bayon C, Rudd JJ, Kanyuka K, Kettles GJ. (2022). Induction of distinct plant cell death programs by secreted proteins from the wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. Sci Rep 12(1):17880.
Kanyuka K, Igna AA, Solomon PS, Oliver RP. (2022). The rise of necrotrophic effectors. New Phytol 233(1):11-14.
For a full list of publications see Google Scholar